urban planning

Active Travel Glossary

Active Travel contains an abundance of new terms. Here are some of the more common ones.

Extract from: Active Travel Facilities Design – Municipal Infrastructure Standards 05 (MIS05) (ACT Government, April 2019)

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Active Travel Routes (ATR) – The five Active Travel Route types as detailed in this Design Standard (refer Section 3.2).

Active Travel Route Alignments (ATRA) – The spatial alignment datasets of the five Active Travel Route types.

Active Travel Street (ATS) – Streets carrying Main Community Routes (MCR) or Local Community Routes (LCR) where traffic management measures have been installed to achieve vehicle volume reduction to < 3,000 vehicles per day (vpd) and a reduction in vehicle speeds to 30km/h by design.

Active Travel Infrastructure Practitioner Tool (ATIPT) – A web-based user interface that provides access to spatial mapping of the Active Travel Routes for walking, cycling and equestrian routes (ATRA) as well as access to planning and design policies, guides and other information relevant to the planning and design of active travel infrastructure in the ACT. The tool is available for use by all stakeholders including government agencies, developers and consultants and may be accessed at

Arterial Road – A road with a prime function to provide for major regional and inter-regional traffic movements, usually with traffic volumes of greater than 6,000vpd.

Bicycle Boulevard (BB) – An on-road cycling facility used to implement the cycling component of an ATS. BBs are designed or retrofitted to streets to achieve, low traffic volume and 30km/h speed environment by design where bicycle travel is favoured over motor vehicle movements.

Collector – A street with a prime function to distribute traffic between arterial roads and local access streets. There are two categories of collector road:

> Major Collector – with traffic volumes generally between 3,000 – 6,000vpd which are access controlled; and,

> Minor Collector – with traffic volumes generally between 1,000 – 3,000vpd.

Equestrian Trail – A track or trail identified for use by equestrians. Equestrian trails are also known as bridle paths or bridleways and can be either naturally-formed or gravel-surfaced on sections of high usage.

Estate Development – A context of development that sets the standard for facilities, refer to Section 3.3 for details.

Facility – Any engineering or traffic management intervention (including traffic control devices) which provides safe, comfortable and efficient travel for ATN users.

Footpath – A minor path for use by pedestrians and cyclists. In the ACT unless designated otherwise, a path may be designated for pedestrians only if it conforms to the requirements of the Australian Road Rule 239 to become a separated footpath and signed accordingly.

Gifted assets – Infrastructure constructed by developers to be accepted by the ACT Government to own and maintain.

Gradient – The longitudinal slope of a road or path, usually represented as the ratio of a one metre vertical rise to the horizontal distance (eg. 1:50), or expressed as a percentage (eg. 2%).

Group centre – An intermediate size retail, community and employment centre serving a number of suburbs, typically providing for weekly grocery shopping and services. Group Centres are named in the Territory Plan.

Key documents – Standards and guideline documents which should be used in the planning and design of active travel facilities. These are listed in Sections 2.2.3 to 2.2.7.

Local centre – A small retail, community and employment centre serving a catchment of one or two suburbs, typically providing for goods and services on a daily basis.

Minimum requirement (in Retrofit) – Where facilities are retrofitted as part of existing infrastructure, the Road Authority requires that the added facilities improve, or at a minimum do not diminish, the performance, function and safety of the facility. The minimum design requirements for Estate Development are to apply in Retrofit unless it can be proved to the satisfaction of the Road Authority that application of the required standard is not possible, in which case the minimum specified for Retrofit may be used.

Mixed traffic – Those parts of the street network where bicycles are not separated from traffic by physical barriers such as kerbs or visually through linemarking. In these situations, bicycles share the streets with motor vehicles.

National Capital Authority – The Commonwealth Government Agency responsible for planning in areas identified as Designated Areas in the National Capital Plan.

New development areas – Areas of land where the Estate Development context is to be applied.

Path – A paved off-road facility of varying width and surfacing, for shared use by pedestrians and cyclists. In some established areas, paths through underpasses or pinch points may, by necessity, be shared with equestrians. All paths in the ACT, including paths adjacent to streets, are shared by pedestrians and

cyclists, differing from NSW and Victoria where cyclists over 16 or 12 years of age respectively are not permitted to ride on paths unless appropriately designated.

Path Priority crossing – A crossing type that includes Give Way or Stop sign control to give priority to pedestrians and cyclists over motor vehicles.

Percentile speed – Speed at or below which the nominated percentage (e.g. 15, 50, 85) of vehicles are observed to travel under free flow conditions.

Planning Authority – The ACT Government agency responsible for planning in all parts of the ACT except those areas identified as Designated Areas in the National Capital Plan.

Principal Community Route (PCR) –A subset of Main Community Routes (MCR) that form direct links between town centres. There are routes that are to include route labels and branding.

Priority crossing – A crossing type that gives priority to pedestrians and cyclists over motor vehicles and includes Path Priority crossings (Give Way or Stop sign controlled), Zebra crossings, and Children’s crossings.

Retrofit – A category of development that sets the standard for facilities, for details refer to Section 3.3.

Road Authority – The ACT Government agency responsible for ownership and maintenance of road and path infrastructure.

Road reserve – Land comprising the road and verge. And also referred to as the road or street corridor in this Standard.

Roadway – The road pavement including the area trafficked by motor vehicles and the sealed shoulder if present or the area between kerbs if present.

Route – An alignment designed for active travel, active recreational travel or special needs connecting origins to destinations. See Section 3.2 for a full explanation of the five main Active Travel Route types and their various sub categories.

Separation – The separation of either pedestrians and cyclists or vehicles and cyclists. This may be by visual means such as linemarking or through physical means such as grade, median or verge separation. Where separation is not provided a path is said to be “shared” and a road labelled as “mixed traffic” (ie: sharing with no separation).

Separated footpath – A section of path designated for the exclusive use of pedestrians by signage or pavement marking as detailed in Australian Road Rule 239.

Shared path – In the ACT it is legal for cyclists and pedestrians to use all paths unless signed otherwise. A shared path is a type of facility used in other jurisdictions where legal sharing of paths is not permitted. The term shared path is not used in these guidelines – see “Path” definition above.

Town centre – The retail, community and employment centre of a district, providing for higher order goods and services which are bought less frequently and for which customers would travel further. The Town Centres are Gungahlin, Belconnen, Woden and Tuggeranong.

Trail – An off-road facility for walking and/or cycling or horse riding with a surfacing to suit the general recreational purpose and its intended user group(s). May be coincident with, and share the same facilities as, a Community Route.

User groupsPedestrians, cyclists and equestrians are made up of different groups of users that have different values and needs. Pedestrian user groups include walkers, joggers, people pushing prams or strollers and those using wheelchairs, both motorised or non-motorised. Cyclist user groups include primary and secondary school children, family groups / recreational cyclists, commuters, neighbourhood / utility cyclists, and touring and training cyclists (refer AGTM04 Table 4.12).

Verge – Public land within a road reserve between the road kerb and the property boundary also referred to as the road related area in the Australian Road Rules.

Vehicular cyclist – A cyclist electing to use on-road facilities within the roadway when off-road facilities are provided (typically a more experienced cyclist). A cyclist on a roadway is subject to different road rules than when on a path and this term is used to differentiate this context.

Wheeled recreational device – Includes roller blades, roller skates, a skateboard or similar wheeled device.

6 replies on “Active Travel Glossary”

[…] The Molonglo Valley to City Trunk Cycleway: Feasibility Study (ACT Government, 19 September 2014) was carried out by the ACT Government as a result of the 2012 Parliamentary Agreement between the ACT ALP and ACT Greens. The cycle highway is commonly referred to as the “C10 City – Molonglo” cycling route and is an official CBR Cycle Route (Figure 1 and 2). It is a cycle highway that is intended to provide a direct and high-quality cycling route between the Molonglo Valley and the City. In the Active Travel Framework, the technical language of the urban planners, it is called Principal Community Route. […]


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