This example is for Belconnen but the conclusions are likely to be pretty similar in most town centres.
This small case study concludes riding in Canberra is manageable. The direct routes on the map demonstrate this: not too far and pretty flat. However, all direct routes are on the road. The roads in Canberra are dangerous for vulnerable cyclists and pedestrians, and most cyclists would rather not ride on the road.
For routes between town centres we need direct and good quality cycle highways. These cycle highways are called Primary Community Routes (PCR) in the language of the ACT active travel MIS05 standards language.