Visual dictionary for active travel

Getting the big picture: commonly used active travel terms. A picture is worth a thousand words. The defintions are from the Active Travel Facilities Design – Municipal Infrastructure Standards 05 (MIS05).

Active Travel Routes (ATR) – The five Active Travel Route types as detailed in this Design Standard (refer Section 3.2).

Active Travel Facilities Design – Municipal Infrastructure Standards 05 (MIS05) (ACT Government, April 2019)
ACT Government, urban planning, ACT, Australia
The cover 2019 Active Travel Facilities Design Municipal Infrastructure Standards 05

Active Travel Route Alignments (ATRA) – The spatial alignment datasets of the five Active Travel Route types.

Active Travel Facilities Design – Municipal Infrastructure Standards 05 (MIS05) (ACT Government, April 2019)
ATIPT, John Gorton Drive bridge, Molonglo Valley, Canberra.
View of routes in the Active Travel Infrastructure Practitioner Tool (ATIPT), John Gorton Drive bridge, Molonglo Valley, Canberra.

Active Travel Street (ATS) – Streets carrying Main Community Routes (MCR) or Local Community Routes (LCR) where traffic management measures have been installed to achieve vehicle volume reduction to < 3,000 vehicles per day (vpd) and a reduction in vehicle speeds to 30km/h by design.

Active Travel Facilities Design – Municipal Infrastructure Standards 05 (MIS05) (ACT Government, April 2019)

Active Travel Infrastructure Practitioner Tool (ATIPT) – A web-based user interface that provides access to spatial mapping of the Active Travel Routes for walking, cycling and equestrian routes (ATRA) as well as access to planning and design policies, guides and other information relevant to the planning and design of active travel infrastructure in the ACT. The tool is available for use by all stakeholders including government agencies, developers and consultants and may be accessed at http://activeinfrastructure.net.au/

Active Travel Facilities Design – Municipal Infrastructure Standards 05 (MIS05) (ACT Government, April 2019)

Arterial Road – A road with a prime function to provide for major regional and inter-regional traffic movements, usually with traffic volumes of greater than 6,000vpd (vehicles per day).

Active Travel Facilities Design – Municipal Infrastructure Standards 05 (MIS05) (ACT Government, April 2019)
On-road bike lane (1.5m) on Gundaroo Drive between Gungahlin Drive and the Barton Highway.
Gundaroo Drive between Gungahlin Drive and the Barton Highway.

Bicycle Boulevard (BB) – An on-road cycling facility used to implement the cycling component of an ATS. BBs are designed or retrofitted to streets to achieve, low traffic volume and 30km/h speed environment by design where bicycle travel is favoured over motor vehicle movements.

Active Travel Facilities Design – Municipal Infrastructure Standards 05 (MIS05) (ACT Government, April 2019)

Collector – A street with a prime function to distribute traffic between arterial roads and local access streets. There are two categories of collector road:

> Major Collector – with traffic volumes generally between 3,000 – 6,000vpd which are access controlled; and,

> Minor Collector – with traffic volumes generally between 1,000 – 3,000vpd.

Active Travel Facilities Design – Municipal Infrastructure Standards 05 (MIS05) (ACT Government, April 2019)
Yet to start. Kuringa Drive and Owen Dixon Drive intersection, Belconnen. Stand 11/10/2020
Major Collector. Kuringa Drive and Owen Dixon Drive intersection, Belconnen. Stand 11/10/2020

Equestrian Trail – A track or trail identified for use by equestrians. Equestrian trails are also known as bridle paths or bridleways and can be either naturally-formed or gravel-surfaced on sections of high usage.

Active Travel Facilities Design – Municipal Infrastructure Standards 05 (MIS05) (ACT Government, April 2019)
Horse stile, Uriarra Road parking area, Stromlo Forest, Molonglo Valley
Horse stile, Uriarra Road parking area, Stromlo Forest, Molonglo Valley

Estate Development – A context of development that sets the standard for facilities, refer to Section 3.3 for details.

Active Travel Facilities Design – Municipal Infrastructure Standards 05 (MIS05) (ACT Government, April 2019)
Play space (playground), Denman Prospect Ridgeline Park, Denman Prospect, Molonglo Valley
Estate development, Denman Prospect, Molonglo Valley

Facility – Any engineering or traffic management intervention (including traffic control devices) which provides safe, comfortable and efficient travel for ATN users.

example, ACTSD-0528, ACT, Australia, urban planning
Example of Standard drawing for side street crossings for paths on manin and local community routes ACTSD-0528

Footpath – A minor path for use by pedestrians and cyclists. In the ACT unless designated otherwise, a path may be designated for pedestrians only if it conforms to the requirements of the Australian Road Rule 239 to become a separated footpath and signed accordingly.

Active Travel Facilities Design – Municipal Infrastructure Standards 05 (MIS05) (ACT Government, April 2019)
Active Streets, adjacent Aranda CBR Cycle Route C5
Active Streets is a fuding to improve footpaths, adjacent Aranda CBR Cycle Route C5

Gifted assets – Infrastructure constructed by developers to be accepted by the ACT Government to own and maintain.

Active Travel Facilities Design – Municipal Infrastructure Standards 05 (MIS05) (ACT Government, April 2019)
Sutherland Crescent Central Community Playground, Taylor
The ACT Suburban Land Agency builds for the ACT Government and gives it back after land sales. Sutherland Crescent Central Community Playground, Taylor

Group centre – An intermediate size retail, community and employment centre serving a number of suburbs, typically providing for weekly grocery shopping and services. Group Centres are named in the Territory Plan.

Active Travel Facilities Design – Municipal Infrastructure Standards 05 (MIS05) (ACT Government, April 2019)
cooleman-court-04012012-26-brierly-street-weston. Photo ACT Archise, Filckr (CC BY-NC 2.0)
Cooleman Court, Weston. Photo ACT Archise, Filckr (CC BY-NC 2.0)

Key documents – Standards and guideline documents which should be used in the planning and design of active travel facilities. These are listed in Sections 2.2.3 to 2.2.7.

Active Travel Facilities Design – Municipal Infrastructure Standards 05 (MIS05) (ACT Government, April 2019)

Local centre – A small retail, community and employment centre serving a catchment of one or two suburbs, typically providing for goods and services on a daily basis.

Active Travel Facilities Design – Municipal Infrastructure Standards 05 (MIS05) (ACT Government, April 2019)
Forde shops, Gungahlin
Forde shops, Gungahlin

Minimum requirement (in Retrofit) – Where facilities are retrofitted as part of existing infrastructure, the Road Authority requires that the added facilities improve, or at a minimum do not diminish, the performance, function and safety of the facility. The minimum design requirements for Estate Development are to apply in Retrofit unless it can be proved to the satisfaction of the Road Authority that application of the required standard is not possible, in which case the minimum specified for Retrofit may be used.

Active Travel Facilities Design – Municipal Infrastructure Standards 05 (MIS05) (ACT Government, April 2019)
Main Community Route (MCR), Belconnen Bikeway, Belconnen, Canberra
Belconnen Bikeway is built to the minimum requirement in retrofit, Belconnen, Canberra

Mixed traffic – Those parts of the street network where bicycles are not separated from traffic by physical barriers such as kerbs or visually through linemarking. In these situations, bicycles share the streets with motor vehicles.

Active Travel Facilities Design – Municipal Infrastructure Standards 05 (MIS05) (ACT Government, April 2019)

National Capital Authority – The Commonwealth Government Agency responsible for planning in areas identified as Designated Areas in the National Capital Plan.

Active Travel Facilities Design – Municipal Infrastructure Standards 05 (MIS05) (ACT Government, April 2019)
National Carilion, Lake Burley Griffin, Canberra. Photo by Daniel Morton on Unsplash
National Carilion, Lake Burley Griffin, Canberra. Photo by Daniel Morton on Unsplash

New development areas – Areas of land where the Estate Development context is to be applied.

Active Travel Facilities Design – Municipal Infrastructure Standards 05 (MIS05) (ACT Government, April 2019)
Whitlam from the east boundary fence, The Pinnacle Offset Area, The Pinnacle, Belconnen
Whitlam part of the Molonglo Valley estate development, seen from the The Pinnacle Offset Area, The Pinnacle, Belconnen

Path – A paved off-road facility of varying width and surfacing, for shared use by pedestrians and cyclists. In some established areas, paths through underpasses or pinch points may, by necessity, be shared with equestrians. All paths in the ACT, including paths adjacent to streets, are shared by pedestrians and cyclists, differing from NSW and Victoria where cyclists over 16 or 12 years of age respectively are not permitted to ride on paths unless appropriately designated.

Active Travel Facilities Design – Municipal Infrastructure Standards 05 (MIS05) (ACT Government, April 2019)
Lake Ginninderra bike path, Belconnen, Canberra
Lake Ginninderra bike path, Belconnen, Canberra

Path Priority crossing – A crossing type that includes Give Way or Stop sign control to give priority to pedestrians and cyclists over motor vehicles.

Active Travel Facilities Design – Municipal Infrastructure Standards 05 (MIS05) (ACT Government, April 2019)
Bike only path, Cooinda Street / College Street. Belconnen Bikeway under construction, stand 11/10/2020
Path Priority crossing, Cooinda Street / College Street. Belconnen Bikeway under construction, stand 11/10/2020

Principal Community Route (PCR) –A subset of Main Community Routes (MCR) that form direct links between town centres. There are routes that are to include route labels and branding.

Active Travel Facilities Design – Municipal Infrastructure Standards 05 (MIS05) (ACT Government, April 2019)
CBR Cycle Route C5, Aranda Nature Reserve, Aranda hill, Canberra.
CBR Cycle Route C5, Aranda Nature Reserve, Aranda hill, Canberra.

Priority crossing – A crossing type that gives priority to pedestrians and cyclists over motor vehicles and includes Path Priority crossings (Give Way or Stop sign controlled), Zebra crossings, and Children’s crossings.

Active Travel Facilities Design – Municipal Infrastructure Standards 05 (MIS05) (ACT Government, April 2019)
Zebra crossings look a bit different here in the ACT. Photo by Abby Chung on Pexels.com

Retrofit – A category of development that sets the standard for facilities, for details refer to Section 3.3.

Active Travel Facilities Design – Municipal Infrastructure Standards 05 (MIS05) (ACT Government, April 2019)
active travel, ACT, Australia, Australia, Active Travel Facilities Design - Municipal Infrastructure Standards 05
Narrower cycle paths are permitted in Cvic in retrofit. Marcus Clarke Street, Canberra City, ACT, page 48

Road Authority – The ACT Government agency responsible for ownership and maintenance of road and path infrastructure.

Active Travel Facilities Design – Municipal Infrastructure Standards 05 (MIS05) (ACT Government, April 2019)
ACT Government electric bike
ACT Government electric bike

Road reserve – Land comprising the road and verge. And also referred to as the road or street corridor in this (Active Travel Facilities Design) Standard.

Active Travel Facilities Design – Municipal Infrastructure Standards 05 (MIS05) (ACT Government, April 2019)
Photo by Brett Sayles on Pexels.com

Roadway – The road pavement including the area trafficked by motor vehicles and the sealed shoulder if present or the area between kerbs if present.

Active Travel Facilities Design – Municipal Infrastructure Standards 05 (MIS05) (ACT Government, April 2019)
Not much space on the marked shoulder (no bike lane) on a 90 km/h road, William Hovell Drive, Belconnen
Marked shoulder on the edge of the roadway, William Hovell Drive, Belconnen

Route – An alignment designed for active travel, active recreational travel or special needs connecting origins to destinations. See Section 3.2 for a full explanation of the five main Active Travel Route types and their various sub categories.

Active Travel Facilities Design – Municipal Infrastructure Standards 05 (MIS05) (ACT Government, April 2019)
CBR Cycle Route C3 - Belconnen Bikeway
CBR Cycle Route C3 – Belconnen Bikeway. Map: CBR Cycle Routes Current principal and main off road routes Version 9 TCCS

Separation – The separation of either pedestrians and cyclists or vehicles and cyclists. This may be by visual means such as linemarking or through physical means such as grade, median or verge separation. Where separation is not provided a path is said to be “shared” and a road labelled as “mixed traffic” (ie: sharing with no separation).

Active Travel Facilities Design – Municipal Infrastructure Standards 05 (MIS05) (ACT Government, April 2019)
Bike ONLY path, new suburb of Strathnairn, West Belconnen
Bike ONLY path, new suburb of Strathnairn, West Belconnen

Separated footpath – A section of path designated for the exclusive use of pedestrians by signage or pavement marking as detailed in Australian Road Rule 239.

Active Travel Facilities Design – Municipal Infrastructure Standards 05 (MIS05) (ACT Government, April 2019)
Pedestrian only path, Cooinda Street / College Street. Belconnen Bikeway under construction, stand 11/10/2020
Pedestrian only path, Cooinda Street / College Street. Belconnen Bikeway under construction, stand 11/10/2020

Shared path – In the ACT it is legal for cyclists and pedestrians to use all paths unless signed otherwise. A shared path is a type of facility used in other jurisdictions where legal sharing of paths is not permitted. The term shared path is not used in these guidelines – see “Path” definition above.

Active Travel Facilities Design – Municipal Infrastructure Standards 05 (MIS05) (ACT Government, April 2019)
Shared path, Akman Drive. Belconnen Bikeway under construction, stand 11/10/2020
Shared path, Akman Drive. Belconnen Bikeway under construction, stand 11/10/2020

Town centre – The retail, community and employment centre of a district, providing for higher order goods and services which are bought less frequently and for which customers would travel further. The Town Centres are Gungahlin, Belconnen, Woden and Tuggeranong.

Active Travel Facilities Design – Municipal Infrastructure Standards 05 (MIS05) (ACT Government, April 2019)
L Woden. Photo Peter Hackney. Flickr CC BY-NC 2.0
L Woden. Photo Peter Hackney. Flickr CC BY-NC 2.0

Trail – An off-road facility for walking and/or cycling or horse riding with a surfacing to suit the general recreational purpose and its intended user group(s). May be coincident with, and share the same facilities as, a Community Route.

Active Travel Facilities Design – Municipal Infrastructure Standards 05 (MIS05) (ACT Government, April 2019)
Canberra Centenary Trail, River Road. Dairy Farmer Hill left and William Hovell Drive right, National Arboretum, Canberra.
River Road. Dairy Farmer Hill left and William Hovell Drive right, National Arboretum, Canberra.

User groups – Pedestrians, cyclists and equestrians are made up of different groups of users that have different values and needs. Pedestrian user groups include walkers, joggers, people pushing prams or strollers and those using wheelchairs, both motorised or non-motorised. Cyclist user groups include primary and secondary school children, family groups / recreational cyclists, commuters, neighbourhood / utility cyclists, and touring and training cyclists (refer AGTM04 Table 4.12).

Active Travel Facilities Design – Municipal Infrastructure Standards 05 (MIS05) (ACT Government, April 2019)
Photo by Judita Tamou0161iu016bnaitu0117 on Pexels.com

Verge – Public land within a road reserve between the road kerb and the property boundary also referred to as the road related area in the Australian Road Rules.

Active Travel Facilities Design – Municipal Infrastructure Standards 05 (MIS05) (ACT Government, April 2019)

Safe cyclings with the"continuous verge treatment", Bike ONLY path crossing Ariotti Street, Strathnairn, West Belconnen
Verge showing grass, bike only path, pedestrain only path and grass at the intersection of Ariotti Street, Strathnairn, West Belconnen

Vehicular cyclist – A cyclist electing to use on-road facilities within the roadway when off-road facilities are provided (typically a more experienced cyclist). A cyclist on a roadway is subject to different road rules than when on a path and this term is used to differentiate this context.

Active Travel Facilities Design – Municipal Infrastructure Standards 05 (MIS05) (ACT Government, April 2019)
Photo by Pixabay on Pexels.com

Wheeled recreational device – Includes roller blades, roller skates, a skateboard or similar wheeled device.

Active Travel Facilities Design – Municipal Infrastructure Standards 05 (MIS05) (ACT Government, April 2019)
longboard (skateboard) Photo by Sebastian Voortman on Pexels.com
Photo by Magda Ehlers on Pexels.com

2 Replies to “Visual dictionary for active travel”

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s