Bike parking glossary

The Australian Standard for Bicycle parking (AS 2890.3:2015 Parking facilities, Part 3: Bicycle parking): As we are moving to end-of-trip facilities in the coming articles, it is timely to look at a few definitions. This glossary is derived from the AS 2890.3:2015.

The Australian Standard for Bicycle parking specifies a set of minimum requirements for the layout, design, and security of bicycle parking facilities for planners and service providers.

aisle: a passageway free of obstacles within the bicycle parking facility used by bicycle riders to access bicycle parking devices

bicycle: a vehicle with two or more wheels that is built to be propelled primarily by human power through a belt, chain or gears (whether or not it has an auxiliary motor) Note 1 to entry: The term ‘bicycle’ does not include a wheelchair, mobility scooter, wheeled recreational device, wheeled toy, or any vehicle with an auxiliary motor or motors capable of generating a total power output over 250 watts (whether or not any motor is operating).

bicycle parking device: a construction made of high security material designed to provide stability to bicycles placed in or against the device. Rails and racks are examples of bicycle parking devices

bicycle parking facility: an area that is equipped for the parking of bicycles. It may also be equipped with other useful rider conveniences such as lockers, change rooms, toilets and/or showers

bicycle spacing envelope: the design space of a standard bicycle, which allows for locking, and parking movements. The dimensions are 1800 mm × 1200 mm × 500 mm, as shown in

cage: a secure bicycle parking facility which may be roofed and may be within other security walls and/or fences or facilities. Cages contain bicycle parking devices for users and access is limited to permitted persons with controlled security access devices such as keys, codes or swipe cards.

direct surveillance: constant surveillance, or at least consistent surveillance at critical times, by an interested person, e.g. a paid attendant as part of other regular duties and who has a view of the bicycle parking facility

high security materials: materials of a kind that cannot be quickly breached with non-powered hand tools

locker: a high security, enclosed lockable space designed to park one bicycle within it. Lockers are made of high security materials for protection against theft and the weather

locking device: comprising a D-lock and a cable with a maximum length of 1200 mm, which together are capable of locking a bicycle frame and both wheels to a bicycle parking device

non-standard bicycle: a bicycle which does not meet typical dimensions or mass, such as power assisted bicycles, and bicycles with additional components such as storage bags and baskets

power assisted bicycle (E-bike): a bicycle which has one or more auxiliary propulsion motors attached to assist the rider
(see the definition of bicycle for power limitations)

rack: a bicycle parking device for one or more than one bicycle

rail: a bicycle parking device for one or more than one bicycle, which provides support for a bicycle on one or both sides

road reserve: a legally described area within which facilities such as roads, footpaths and associated features may be constructed for public travel. Often called road

standard bicycle: a bicycle of typical dimensions based on the most common types of bicycle used for commuting and recreational purposes

temporary facilities: bicycle parking that is set up to service a specific event, or to operate over a specific period of time, and which will be removed following that event or the elapse of that time

static and dynamic (bicycle parking device):

  • (a) Static BPD A parking device that contains no moving parts and is fixed in position.
  • (b) Dynamic BPD A parking device that requires bicycles to be moved in order to create the minimum bicycle spacing envelope.

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